Drop Test : Learn Everything About It

Drop testing can be explained as a "product qualification" test that ensures a product's longevity if dropped from a specific height! Learn more about it below.

Are you someone who wants to expand your knowledge about Drop Testing? If yes, you’re in the right place! 

In this blog, we will offer a comprehensive guide to Drop testing, including the various types of drop tests, industry standards, testing procedures, and best practices for conducting drop testing. This guide will help you understand the importance of drop testing and how to conduct it effectively and efficiently, whether you are a manufacturer, product designer, or testing laboratory. So, keep reading without distraction. 

What Is A Drop Test? 

Drop testing is an approach to determining a product’s durability by dropping it from a particular height to predict the impact that the product may encounter during handling, transportation, or use. Drop testing is a common practice in the manufacturing industry, especially for consumer electronics and industrial products, to make sure that they can withstand accidental falls and impacts.

Drop Test : Learn Everything About It

The drop test entails dropping a product from a specific height onto a solid surface, such as concrete or steel. To visualize real-world conditions, the product is typically dropped from a variety of angles and orientations. The product is examined for damage after each drop, and the test is reinforced until the product fails or passes the requisite number of drops.

Significance of Drop Test

Drop testing is an important part of product testing and quality assurance in several industries, notably those that manufacture electrical gadgets, packaging materials, and other fragile items. Manufacturers can evaluate a product’s sturdiness and capacity to endure the impact of a fall by subjecting it to controlled drops from various lengths and angles. This virtually guarantees that products meet industry standards and can withstand rough handling during shipping, transport, and everyday use. Drop testing can also assist in determining potential design flaws or weak spots that may need to be resolved before a product is released to the market, ultimately improving product safety and client satisfaction.

Types of Drop Testing

After getting familiar with what drop testing is all about, let’s get to know about various types of it.

1. Free Fall Drop Testing

This is among the most common types of drop tests, and it entails dropping a product from a certain height onto a solid surface. To replicate various kinds of drops that can occur in the real world, you can change the height of the drop and the frequency of drops. This type of drop testing is generally done to see how products respond to high-impact drops.

2. Rotational Drop Testing

Rotational drop testing simulates rotational drops, such as those that occur when a product is dropped and plunges. You need to keep in mind that in the electronics sector, where devices like mobile phones could be affected in this way, testing of this nature is quite prevalent. 

3. Edge Drop Testing

Testing for edge drops imitates drips that take place when a product falls on its edge. In the consumer goods sector, where products like glass containers may be subject to edge impacts, this kind of testing is typical. 

4. Corner Drop Testing

Corner drop testing simulates drops that happen when a product falls and lands on a corner. In the electronics sector, where items like laptops may be subjected to corner impacts, this kind of testing is typical. 

5. Environmental Drop Testing 

Testing in harsh environmental circumstances, like moisture or extreme temperatures, is done to determine how long things will last. This kind of testing entails exposing products to variations in humidity and temperature that mimic real-world situations. Remember that first, the products are exposed to such conditions and then dropped. 

Standards To Keep In Mind During Drop Test

Industries and testing laboratories should keep multiple industry standards in mind when performing drop testing to ensure that the results are precise and trustworthy. Here are a few key considerations:

1. ASTM D5276

This is a standard test method for free fall drop testing of loaded containers. It describes the procedures and equipment used to test a container’s ability to endure the sudden shock caused by a free fall drop impact or to assess a container’s and its inner packing’s ability to safeguard its contents during a free fall drop impact.

2. ISTA 2A and 3A

These are International Safe Transit Association (ISTA) guidelines that outline drop testing procedures for packaged goods weighing more than 150 pounds and less than 150 pounds. These guidelines reflect the procedures and equipment used to test packaged products’ ability to withstand shocks and stress experienced during handling and transportation, such as drop testing.

3. MIL-STD-810G

This is a military standard from the United States that specifies testing procedures as well as environmental engineering factors for equipment and materials. It includes a drop test procedure to evaluate whether the equipment can sustain impact shocks and vibrations during transportation and handling.

4. Regulatory Requirements

Specific regulatory requirements might apply based on the industry and the type of product being tested. For example, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has strict instructions for testing the survivability of aircraft components in the aerospace industry.

Drop Test: Complete Procedure

Now that you are aware of various testing standards for a drop test let us have a look at its complete procedure to understand how it takes place. 

1. Determine The Appropriate Test Standard

Establishing the testing guidelines that will be used for the drop test is the first stage. These norms could be company-internal or sector-specific, like ASTM or ISO standards.

2. Decide On The Drop Height

Generally, the testing guidelines and the anticipated usage of the product are used to establish the drop height. Remember that it is possible for drops to be as high as several feet.

3. Positioning Of The Product

In order for the product to drop consistently, it needs to be oriented correctly and fixed in place. And, to keep the product in position in this situation, a fixture or other tools might be used.

4. Conduct The Drop

After positioning, the item is dropped from the designated height onto a solid surface. Remember that for effective results, the drop must be repeated multiple times.

5. Assess The Damage

The item should be checked for damage, such as scrapes, breaks, or other physical damage indicators, after each drop. A gadget or other thing that the product is intended to protect needs to be checked for damage as well.

6. Examine The Results 

To establish whether the product satisfies testing requirements and can resist the anticipated degree of impact, the drop test data should be examined. Moreover, the outcomes might be documented and used to enhance the product design or production procedure.

Why Choose Pride Testing Services For Drop Testing? 

Overall, Drop testing is crucial because it provides important details about a product’s durability and reliability. The test simulates these real-world conditions, allowing manufacturers to identify potential failure points and improve product design or packaging.

Well, are you someone looking forward to a testing lab that can help you through this drop-testing process? If yes, then we at Pride Testing Services are an excellent solution in front of you! 

Pride Testing Services is an expert testing laboratory that provides comprehensive and precise drop testing services for a variety of industries and applications. We have a team of highly adept and knowledgeable engineers with extensive experience in drop testing for a variety of industries, including aerospace, automotive, consumer electronics, and others. 

Furthermore, we provide competitive pricing for drop testing services, making us an affordable and cost-effective option for businesses that require accurate and dependable testing results. Contact us to learn more about our Drop Testing Services!

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